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Offside Explained

American Youth Soccer Organization 
Offside Explained  

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OFFSIDE DEFINED
A player is offside when:
  • He is in an offside position
  • At the moment the ball is played by or touches a teammate
  • And is involved in active play.

(All 3 conditions must be met!)

Classic Offside
OFFSIDE POSITION (OSP)
A player is in an offside position when:
  • Ahead of the ball
  • Ahead of the 2nd last defender (SLD)
  • And not in own half of field

(Not an offence by itself. )

ACTIVE PLAY (Defined by FIFA)
A player is involved in active play when:
  • Interferes with play (Plays or is touched by the ball)
  • Interferes with an opponent (impedse or prevents an opponent from playing the ball)
  • Gains an advantage (Interferes with play after a rebound)

EXCEPTIONS

A player cannot be offside directly from a goal kick, corner kick, or throw-in.


IMPORTANT REMINDERS
  • Offside position is judged when the ball is played by or touches a teammate, not when the player in the offside position touches the ball.
  • A player must be involved in active play (as defined by FIFA) to be offside.